What is a camera operator?

What is a camera operator? A camera operator is an essential member of any film or television production team. They are responsible for capturing the visual elements of a project, ensuring that the director’s vision is translated onto the screen. While the role may seem straightforward, there is much more to being a camera operator than simply pointing and shooting.

They could be working by themselves in all sorts of locations, or as part of a team on a studio shoot. A camera operator will know which cameras to use in which conditions and consider the composition, framing and movement of a shot. 

Experienced camera operators will have their own creative vision and might work closely with the producer or director to suggest shots and ideas. They may also have high skills in lighting and on single-camera shoots might have sole responsibility for lighting. 

What skills do they need?

First and foremost, a camera operator must have a deep understanding of the technical aspects of operating a camera. They need to be familiar with various camera models, lenses, and other equipment to choose the right tools for each shot. This includes knowing how to adjust settings such as aperture, shutter speed, and ISO to achieve the desired look and feel. ISO determines the sensitivity of the camera’s image sensor to light.

In addition to technical knowledge, a camera operator must also possess a keen eye for composition and framing. They need to understand the principles of visual storytelling and be able to translate the director’s vision into compelling shots. This involves considering factors such as camera angles, movement, and lighting to create visually appealing and meaningful images.

Who do camera operators work with?

Camera operators often work closely with the director of photography (DP) to execute the desired visual style of a project. The DP may provide guidance on shot composition and lighting, and the camera operator must be able to effectively translate these instructions into action. This requires excellent communication skills and the ability to work collaboratively as part of a team.

In addition to technical and creative skills, a camera operator must also possess a strong sense of professionalism and attention to detail. They need to be punctual, reliable, and able to work efficiently under pressure. They must also be able to follow instructions and take direction from the director, while also bringing their own creative ideas to the table.

Why do camera operators need to be adaptable?

A camera operator must be able to adapt to different shooting conditions and environments. They may need to shoot in challenging locations, such as cramped spaces or extreme weather conditions, while still maintaining the quality of the footage. This requires physical stamina, problem-solving skills, and the ability to think on their feet.

How much do camera operators earn?

The salary of a camera operator in the UK can vary depending on factors such as experience, location, type of production, and the size of the production company. On average, a camera operator in the UK can earn between £20,000 to £50,000 per year. However, it’s important to note that these figures are approximate and can vary significantly.

Entry-level camera operators or those with less experience may start with lower salaries, typically around £20,000 to £25,000 per year. As they gain more experience and expertise, their earnings can increase. Experienced camera operators working on high-budget productions or with established production companies can earn salaries ranging from £30,000 to £50,000 or more.

Freelance camera operators often charge on a day rate basis, which can range from £300 to £800 or more, depending on the project and their level of experience. Freelancers have the potential to earn higher rates but may also face periods of inconsistent work.

It’s worth noting that these figures are general estimates and can vary based on individual circumstances. Additionally, camera operators may have opportunities for additional income through overtime and when they have kit, they can hire this out or charge productions for the use of their kit.

How can I become a camera operator?

Here are some of the ways you can get the experience needed to be a camera operator.

  • Apply for runner roles so that you can get experience of the industry and how everything works on set…you might even discover another role that you love!
  • Work for an equipment rental company to learn more about the kit and build contacts in the industry
  • Write to production companies and try to get work experience – the BBCITVChannel 4 and SKY have opportunities published online
  • Network online – iampro often have directors, producers etc do workshops and Q&A’s, come and make connections that can help you get a break 
  • Write to production companies and check their websites for opportunities. You can send a short CV and send some of your portfolio or demo reel. 
  • Start as a camera trainee and learn while you are on set from a camera operator 
  • You could choose to study a film course or degree to learn the theory and practical elements of the role
  • Complete an apprenticeship to learn some of the skills and knowledge needed on the job. You could do a photographic assistant or a camera prep technician advanced apprenticeship. You can search for available apprenticeships here: https://www.gov.uk/apply-apprenticeship


Overall, a camera operator plays a crucial role in bringing a director’s vision to life. They are responsible for capturing the visual elements of a project, ensuring that each shot is technically sound and visually compelling. With a combination of technical knowledge, creative skills, and professionalism, a camera operator is an indispensable member of any film or television production team

If you want to improve your production skills and benefit from crew opportunities, sign up to iampro.